saw the stream coming out the active lava lake in the Kilauea cauldron
Wild Cave Tour
Cave found the 1996 while putting up fence to keep the wild pigs out of the park. It is a lava tube that has not been harmed by humans. Inside are stalagtites formed during the lava – probably 1490’s, lichen crystals, roots, water from condensation, bath tub rings from various flows during that time, areas where the ceiling has fallen in, no puddles due to the porious lava rock. Kupono shared with us the Hawaiian traditions of burial in lava tubes, and played the nose flute done with the HA breath.
Geology – Lava tubes: stalagtites, bath tub lines,types of lava – a’a and smooth – , lava rows, lava rivers, lava lakes, craters, cauldrins, steam vents with SO2, reticulite, pele tears, pele hair, rift zones, magma chambers, hot spot with the pacific plate moving over this zone. Newest part of Hawaii – Loihi 3000 ft down in the ocean. Most lava eruption are fairly calm, only when water is mixed in does it become violent. Current lava flowing out of Pu’ u’ O’ o and the crater in Kilauea
Ecology – Native plants: ohilo berries, tall tree, tree fern, fiddle fern, plant that is only found in cooled lava, lichen, moss
Invasive plants – portugese tree, orchid, many others
Animals – wolf spider, cricket, birds